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The Population Control Bill, 2019

ABSTRACT

With one of the busiest populations in agriculture, industry, trade, and services as well as some of its citizens working in worldwide markets, India is currently one of the fastest-growing countries in the world. Indians are expanding in many areas both in India and around the world, thanks to their diligence and busy temperament. Although population is an important factor in the prosperity and growth of a state, there is evidence that it can also be detrimental to that progress. The necessity of population control legislation and its implications for the growth of the nation will be covered in this blog.


KEYWORDS: population, development, overpopulation, inflation, opportunities


INTRODUCTION

By area, India is the seventh-largest country in the world, and as of June 1, 2023, it is also the most populous. According to research, India now has the world's largest population, and by 2030, it was predicted that India would surpass China in terms of population. India can profit from a larger population if it is structured properly, according to the 2011 census. Based on the 2011 census, India can benefit from its higher population provided it is organised well. With a typical national age of about 29 years old and 41% of our population under the age of 18, India has one of the youngest populations in the entire globe. This indicates that the majority of Indians still have a sizable number of productive years remaining. If given the proper instruction, opportunities for employment, and training, this group can benefit the country and the economy.


POPULATION SCENARIO IN INDIA

However, there are a lot of negative aspects to population expansion as well. It might impede a nation's overall development. Let's look into whether India requires population control in more detail.

  • Population control is necessary: People are the means and the ends of economic progress. Any country that has them will benefit from them, but as all of us know, excessive use of something is harmful. The population is the same way. India's rapid population growth has been shown to be a significant barrier to economic growth and development. India right now needs population control urgently for a number of reasons:

  • Impacts on maternity welfare[1]: India's population has grown due to a high birth rate. A high rate of fertility has an impact on women's health and welfare. If there isn't enough distance between the pregnancies, repeated pregnancies put the health of both the mother and the kid at danger. This results in an elevated mortality rate among women of adulthood due to early marriage. In order to improve the welfare and position of women in our society, we must reduce the birth rate.

  • Lack of services and resources: The increase in population has a negative influence on infrastructure for things like authority, transportation, supply of water, hygiene, housing, schooling, and health care. The rates of newborn mortality are already pretty high. Malnutrition is a major issue among children. Due to a lack of financial resources, many Indian neighbourhoods lack access to safe drinking water. Due to a huge rise in population, India has not adequately offered a number of vital services. The vast majority of those without education live in India. A large percentage of women are illiterate, particularly in rural areas. Making education available to everyone is still a long way off.

  • Poor standard of living and growing inflation: India's rapid population growth is to blame for the country's low standard of living. Even the most fundamental necessities of life are not always readily available due to resource distribution issues. With the growing population, the production and distribution of food have been unable to keep up. As a result, production expenses have gone up. One of the negative effects of population growth is inflation.

  • Growth in poverty and unhealthy environment: Wider income gaps and disparities in society within the country are consequences of a rising population. India's growing population is exacerbating poverty because resources are limited and concentrated in the hands of a select few. A large percentage of one's money must also be spent on supporting dependents. Population growth causes environmental harm. A growing population could result in increasing pollution, toxic waste creation, and environmental degradation. Excessive deforestation and animal overgrazing are the primary causes of land degradation. The rapidly growing population's use of agricultural practices to destroy vegetation has been a key factor in the decline of biodiversity.

  • Increased unemployment: India's most challenging goal is to provide jobs for both the expanding workforce every year and the expanding number of unemployed individuals who have built up over the years due to the country's rapid population growth. Due to the vast size of the population, many people are employed. Nevertheless, due to an absence of financial resources, providing desirable employment to the entire workforce is difficult. A nation that is developing like India has covert jobless in rural areas as well as open unemployment in urban areas. There is a very limited probability that unemployment will decrease in the years to come because the labour force is growing on average at a 2.4% yearly rate.


POPULATION CONTROL BILL, 2019[2]

The Population Control Bill, 2019, proposed by Member of Parliament Sri Rakesh Sinha on July 12, 2019, includes penalties for having over two living children. This punishment includes the inability to run for office, the loss of financial benefits, and a reduction in the number of public support benefits.

Resources, both financial and ecological, are currently limited. All residents must have accessibility to the basics of life, such as reasonably priced food, safe drinking water, enough housing, access to top-notch educational possibilities, employment prospects, and electrical power for household use, according to the bill's explanation.

[3]The bill has drawn criticism for expanding the gap among the rich and the poor in terms of wealth. The poor would suffer if benefits from government-funded distributed programs or other initiatives were taken away from them.[4] Additionally, healthcare services and finance for contraception are not available to the lowest socioeconomic level. A higher financial burden would be placed on the poor if they had the education and information needed to understand the need of raising small families and continuing to reproduce.


Alternative Methods of population control in India

[5]Population control measures not only blatantly violate fundamental human rights but also disproportionately harm individuals in the most disadvantaged socioeconomic groups. It might have awful, permanent, and irrevocable impacts. In China, the population-control approach was ineffective. [6]To better train and educate the nation's youth and to offer more excellent procreative health care, standards must shift. India has to invest in long-term plans with non-coercive methods of contraception at their core that safeguard the rights and interests of its people. The accessibility of family planning resources, efficient healthcare infrastructure, and counselling sessions must be taken into consideration. The issue of overpopulation has deep socioeconomic roots. It must be entirely removed from the ground itself. Various actions include:

  • The legal age of marriage

  • Expansion of the healthcare system

  • Women's standards will advance

  • Raising consciousness

  • Birth control

CONCLUSION

Population expansion is a significant issue that requires attention. Coercion and manipulation of individuals into keeping their families as small as possible is disgusting and a violation of fundamental human rights. In order to satisfy the increasing demands of kids and teens for healthcare, housing, food, and education, money saved that might have been spent to improve the nation's infrastructure and development must instead be made. This is because there are more children being born than there are older people who are working. [7]As a result, countries and individuals have no way to make the long-term investments required to aid them in escaping poverty. Due to the expanding child population gap, as well as the social and financial burdens that come with having a large family, India has to be educated and more conscious of population control strategies like birth control, contraception, and health hazards. For the population to decrease, adequate services for education and health must also be offered. Population control is required to manage the population without compromising people's rights. Promoting the benefits of small families and raising awareness of the drawbacks of large families are two ways to encourage people to opt to have a family of a smaller size.


REFERENCES [1] Kodarapu, R. (2020) “Measures to control population in India, India Greens Party. Available at: https://indiagreensparty.org/2020/06/15/measures-to-control-population-in-india/ (Accessed: 06 July 2023)”. [2] Population control bill (2022) "Times of India Blog. Available at: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/readersblog/population-control-bill/population-control-bill-40393/ (Accessed: 06 July 2023)”. [3] India population (live) (no date) “Worldometer. Available at: https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/india-population/ (Accessed: 09 July 2023)”. [4] Kodarapu, R. (2020) “Measures to control population in India, India Greens Party. Available at: https://indiagreensparty.org/2020/06/15/measures-to-control-population-in-india/ (Accessed: 09 July 2023)”. [5] 9 major disadvantages of population growth (2016) “Sociology Discussion - Discuss Anything About Sociology. Available at: https://www.sociologydiscussion.com/demography/population-growth/9-major-disadvantages-of-population-growth/3166 (Accessed: 09 July 2023)”. [6] The Jakarta Post (no date) “Family planning: Indonesia looks beyond population control, The Jakarta Post. Available at: https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2019/09/30/family-planning-indonesia-looks-beyond-population-control.html (Accessed: 09 July 2023)”. [7] Biswas, S. (2014) “India’s Dark History of Sterilisation, BBC News. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-30040790 (Accessed: 09 July 2023)”.

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